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TCH-Thomas

All About Ftp

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FTP Software

Here is a list of FTP software recommended by many of our customers.

 

Core FTP

Free & paid versions available

Requirements: Windows 95B, Windows 98, Windows 98SE, Windows NT 4, Windows 2000, Windows XP

 

CuteFTP

Trial & paid versions available

Requirements: Windows 9x/NT/ME/2000/XP

 

 

Fetch

Trial & paid versions available

Requirements: Mac OS X

 

FileZilla

Free

Requirements: 95/98/NT/2000/XP

 

Fire FTP (Extension to firefox)

Free

Requirements: cross-platform

 

Flash FXP

Trial & paid versions available

Requirements: Windows 95/98/Me/NT/2000/XP/2003 Server

 

SmartFTP

Trial & paid versions available

Requirements: 32-bit version for Windows 98, Windows ME, Windows 2000, Windows XP and Windows 2003, 64-bit version for Windows XP Professional x64 Edition and Windows 2003 Server x64 Edition.

 

WS_FTP

Trial & paid versions available

Requirements: Windows 98 SE, Windows Me, Windows NT, Windows 2000, Windows XP

 

 

How to log in to your ftp account

To login to your ftp accounts you'll use the following information:

 

Servername: If the domain has propagated then you can use your domain name for the ftp server. If it hasn't, you can use the servername, your dedicated ip, or the server's IP.

 

Username: This is the same as your cpanel username for the account if you're attempting to log into the main ftp account. If you're trying to access an sub-ftp account (an ftp account you created through cpanel), then the username will resemble an e-mail address. For sub-ftp accounts, you will need to use username@****** .

 

Password: This is either the password for your cpanel account if accessing your main account, or the password you set for the sub-ftp account if accessing a sub-ftp account.

 

Port: The port should default to 21, however if it doesn't, that's the port to use

 

 

Flash tutorials

Do you need help to set up your FTP software?

At the below links we have published tutorials for some common FTP software.

 

CuteFTP

Configure

Manage

Settings

Transfer

 

WsFTP

Configure

Manage

Transfer

 

 

How Do I Change Permissions?

Usually when you hear about changing the permissions or to CHMOD something, it means that you are changing how yourself and others can access the script, file or folder. Generally it is broken up into three parts:

 

Reading Ability - Gives them the ability to read the file

 

Writing Ability - Gives them the ability to write to the file

 

Execution Ability - Gives them the ability to execute the file

 

On the other side you have the choice to assign this to a specific group of three:

 

Owner - Public - Group

 

For the most part when you are doing these types of actions, the instructions for the file or script will let you know what permissions to assign for the file, folder, or script.

 

How do you change the permissions? You can do this through your FTP client. For an example, in SmartFTP, once you are logged in, and into your "public_html" folder all you need to do is right-click the folder or file you wish to change the permission of and go down to "Properties/CHMOD".

 

Now if the script told you the permissions need to be set to "666", then all you need to do is fill in each box towards the bottom of the window that pops up with a "6" or you can check the boxes above till the number have changed to the amounts that you need.

 

 

Common FTP codes

When transferring files with your FTP software you may see different codes in the softwares transfer window.

Here is a list of the most common codes and what they mean.

 

100 Codes The requested action is being taken. Expect a reply before proceeding with a new command.

110 Restart marker reply.

120 Service ready in (n) minutes.

125 Data connection already open, transfer starting.

150 File status okay, about to open data connection.

 

200 Codes The requested action has been successfully completed.

200 Command okay.

202 Command not implemented

211 System status, or system help reply.

212 Directory status.

213 File status.

214 Help message.

215 NAME system type. (NAME is an official system name from the list in the Assigned Numbers document.)

220 Service ready for new user.

221 Service closing control connection. (Logged out if appropriate.)

225 Data connection open, no transfer in progress.

226 Closing data connection. Requested file action successful (file transfer, abort, etc.).

227 Entering Passive Mode

230 User logged in, proceed.

250 Requested file action okay, completed.

257 "PATHNAME" created.

 

300 Codes The command has been accepted, but the requested action is being held pending receipt of further information.

331 User name okay, need password.

332 Need account for login.

350 Requested file action pending further information.

 

400 Codes The command was not accepted and the requested action did not take place.

The error condition is temporary and the action may be requested again.

421 Service not available, closing control connection. (May be a reply to any command if the service knows it must shut down.)

425 Can't open data connection.

426 Connection closed, transfer aborted.

450 Requested file action not taken. File unavailable (e.g., file busy).

451 Requested action aborted, local error in processing.

452 Requested action not taken. Insufficient storage space in system.

 

500 Codes The command was not accepted and the requested action did not take place.

500 Syntax error, command unrecognized. This may include errors such as command line too long.

501 Syntax error in parameters or arguments.

502 Command not implemented.

503 Bad sequence of commands.

504 Command not implemented for that parameter.

530 User not logged in.

532 Need account for storing files.

550 Requested action not taken. File unavailable (e.g., file not found, no access).

552 Requested file action aborted, storage allocation exceeded

553 Requested action not taken. Illegal file name.

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