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All About Ftp


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#1 TCH-Thomas

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Posted 01 May 2006 - 08:33 AM

FTP Software
Here is a list of FTP software recommended by many of our customers.

Core FTP
Free & paid versions available
Requirements: Windows 95B, Windows 98, Windows 98SE, Windows NT 4, Windows 2000, Windows XP

CuteFTP
Trial & paid versions available
Requirements: Windows 9x/NT/ME/2000/XP


Fetch
Trial & paid versions available
Requirements: Mac OS X

FileZilla
Free
Requirements: 95/98/NT/2000/XP

Fire FTP (Extension to firefox)
Free
Requirements: cross-platform

Flash FXP
Trial & paid versions available
Requirements: Windows 95/98/Me/NT/2000/XP/2003 Server

SmartFTP
Trial & paid versions available
Requirements: 32-bit version for Windows 98, Windows ME, Windows 2000, Windows XP and Windows 2003, 64-bit version for Windows XP Professional x64 Edition and Windows 2003 Server x64 Edition.

WS_FTP
Trial & paid versions available
Requirements: Windows 98 SE, Windows Me, Windows NT, Windows 2000, Windows XP


How to log in to your ftp account
To login to your ftp accounts you'll use the following information:

Servername: If the domain has propagated then you can use your domain name for the ftp server. If it hasn't, you can use the servername, your dedicated ip, or the server's IP.

Username: This is the same as your cpanel username for the account if you're attempting to log into the main ftp account. If you're trying to access an sub-ftp account (an ftp account you created through cpanel), then the username will resemble an e-mail address. For sub-ftp accounts, you will need to use username@****** .

Password: This is either the password for your cpanel account if accessing your main account, or the password you set for the sub-ftp account if accessing a sub-ftp account.

Port: The port should default to 21, however if it doesn't, that's the port to use


Flash tutorials
Do you need help to set up your FTP software?
At the below links we have published tutorials for some common FTP software.

CuteFTP
Configure
Manage
Settings
Transfer

WsFTP
Configure
Manage
Transfer


How Do I Change Permissions?
Usually when you hear about changing the permissions or to CHMOD something, it means that you are changing how yourself and others can access the script, file or folder. Generally it is broken up into three parts:

Reading Ability - Gives them the ability to read the file

Writing Ability - Gives them the ability to write to the file

Execution Ability - Gives them the ability to execute the file

On the other side you have the choice to assign this to a specific group of three:

Owner - Public - Group

For the most part when you are doing these types of actions, the instructions for the file or script will let you know what permissions to assign for the file, folder, or script.

How do you change the permissions? You can do this through your FTP client. For an example, in SmartFTP, once you are logged in, and into your "public_html" folder all you need to do is right-click the folder or file you wish to change the permission of and go down to "Properties/CHMOD".

Now if the script told you the permissions need to be set to "666", then all you need to do is fill in each box towards the bottom of the window that pops up with a "6" or you can check the boxes above till the number have changed to the amounts that you need.


Common FTP codes
When transferring files with your FTP software you may see different codes in the softwares transfer window.
Here is a list of the most common codes and what they mean.

100 Codes The requested action is being taken. Expect a reply before proceeding with a new command.
110 Restart marker reply.
120 Service ready in (n) minutes.
125 Data connection already open, transfer starting.
150 File status okay, about to open data connection.

200 Codes The requested action has been successfully completed.
200 Command okay.
202 Command not implemented
211 System status, or system help reply.
212 Directory status.
213 File status.
214 Help message.
215 NAME system type. (NAME is an official system name from the list in the Assigned Numbers document.)
220 Service ready for new user.
221 Service closing control connection. (Logged out if appropriate.)
225 Data connection open, no transfer in progress.
226 Closing data connection. Requested file action successful (file transfer, abort, etc.).
227 Entering Passive Mode
230 User logged in, proceed.
250 Requested file action okay, completed.
257 "PATHNAME" created.

300 Codes The command has been accepted, but the requested action is being held pending receipt of further information.
331 User name okay, need password.
332 Need account for login.
350 Requested file action pending further information.

400 Codes The command was not accepted and the requested action did not take place.
The error condition is temporary and the action may be requested again.
421 Service not available, closing control connection. (May be a reply to any command if the service knows it must shut down.)
425 Can't open data connection.
426 Connection closed, transfer aborted.
450 Requested file action not taken. File unavailable (e.g., file busy).
451 Requested action aborted, local error in processing.
452 Requested action not taken. Insufficient storage space in system.

500 Codes The command was not accepted and the requested action did not take place.
500 Syntax error, command unrecognized. This may include errors such as command line too long.
501 Syntax error in parameters or arguments.
502 Command not implemented.
503 Bad sequence of commands.
504 Command not implemented for that parameter.
530 User not logged in.
532 Need account for storing files.
550 Requested action not taken. File unavailable (e.g., file not found, no access).
552 Requested file action aborted, storage allocation exceeded
553 Requested action not taken. Illegal file name.

Thomas Jikrantz
Forum Moderator
TotalChoice Hosting, Inc.

Any links or suggestions for third party software/sites should be used at your own risk. My opinions and recommendations are not necessary those of TCH and TCH is not responsible.

As a Forum Moderator I can assist in answering many of your hosting related questions. However, I am unable to answer questions about specifics relating to your account such as billing and server related issues. Should you need assistance in these areas, please contact our Help Desk or our many other options. Another good place to find answers is with our help pages, tutorials and movie tutorials.
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